A small rectangular block with one or more sides either blank or marked by dots resembling those on dice. A domino is used to play the game of dominoes in which one piece knocks over hundreds or even thousands of others. This use of dominoes inspired the phrase domino effect, which describes a situation in which one event causes others to follow.
The first domino, or a chain reaction, is often caused by an accident. However, in the case of a natural disaster, such as an earthquake or a hurricane, the initial domino can also be caused by human error. This is because of how complicated and interconnected the infrastructure of a country can be. The first domino that falls can cause a cascade of events, resulting in loss of life and property, as well as economic instability.
Domino was an early name for a company that pioneered the delivery of pizzas in the United States. The company was founded by Tom Monaghan in Ypsilanti, Michigan, in 1960. Monaghan’s strategy of placing franchise locations near college campuses helped the business grow rapidly, and the Domino’s brand became known for its fast service.
The name of the company was changed to Domino’s after a dispute with a partner who wanted to change the name to Dominions. The original owners were disappointed to learn they would not be able to keep the name and moved to a location in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The company has since expanded to more than 1,600 locations nationwide.
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The most popular type of domino play are layout games, which can be divided into two broad categories, blocking and scoring. Most of these games are played with a set of domino tiles, which vary in number but typically contain all possible combinations of numbers on each end (ones, twos, threes, fours, etc.). Each tile belongs to a suit, and each end may feature different colors of dots or numbers.
In a layout game, players place dominoes edge to edge against each other so that the touching ends match. Each player then scores the number of pips on opposing players’ tiles if they are exposed (for example, a double that touches another piece with a total of six counts as 12). The first player to score a target amount wins the game. In some games, players may also earn points for completing other forms of a layout, such as a line.